For those of you who didn’t know, Drupal is an open-source and one of the most popular PHP based content Management System (CMS) platform for building personal blogs or big corporate websites. It has thousands of templates and plugins that are mostly free to download and install. Due to the stability of the base, the adaptability of the platform, and its active community, Drupal remains a popular choice after more than a decade on the scene.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation Drupal on CentOS 7.
Step 1. First of all make sure that all packages are up to date.
Step 2. Install LAMP server and include some PHP extension.
Installing MariaDB Database Server in CentOS 7:
Installing Nginx web server in CentOS 7:
Installing PHP5 and include some PHP extension:
Start LAMP service, enable to start on boot:
Step 3. Configuring MariaDB for Drupal.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Drupal. Run the following command:
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Drupal installation:
Step 4. Install Drupal.
Download the latest stable version of Drupal, At the moment of writing this article it is version 7.37:
We will need to change some folders permissions:
Step 5. Configure Nginx web server.
Configure nginx web server so you can access the Drupal directory on your server using your domain name:
Then configure the file as shown below:
Save the file and restart Nginx:
Step 6. Configure Firewall.
To access Drupal remotely you must enable port 80 through the firewall. If possible enable port 443 as well. Run the commands below:
Step 7. Accessing Drupal.
Drupal will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip and complete the required the steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Drupal. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Drupal CMS on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Drupal web site.