In this tutorial we will show you how to install and configuration Drupal on Debian 9 Stretch. For those of you who didn’t know, Drupal is an open-source and one of the most popular PHP based content management system (CMS) platform for building personal blogs or big corporate websites. It has thousands of templates and plugins that are mostly free to download and install. Due to the stability of the base, the adaptability of the platform, and its active community, Drupal remains a popular choice after more than a decade on the scene.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Drupal on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
Install Drupal on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB and PHP) server.
A Debian 9 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 9.
Step 3. Installing Drupal on Debian 9.
First thing to do is to go to Drupal’s download page and download the latest stable version of Drupal, At the moment of writing this article it is version 8.5.5:
Unpack the Drupal archive to the document root directory in your server:
We will need to change some folders permissions:
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Drupal.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Drupal. Run the following command:
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Drupal installation:
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Drupal.
You need to create a new virtual host directive in Apache for your domain. You can create the file with your favorite text editor. For example we are using nano:
Replace your_domain with your actual domain name and paste the following into the file:
Activate the rewrite module and enable your new virtual host directive:
Now, we can restart Apache web server so that the changes take place:
Step 6. Accessing Drupal.
Drupal will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip and complete the required the steps to finish the installation. Remember that you’ll need the database name, username and password you created earlier to connect. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Drupal. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Drupal content management system (CMS) Debian 9 Stretch. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Drupal web site.