In this tutorial we will show you how to install Craft CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Craft is a content management system (CMS) designed for publishers who want more control and more powerful performances from their CMS. It is a PHP based application build on Yii framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Craft content management system (CMS) on a Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Craft CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB and PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also install all required PHP modules:
First thing to do is to go to Craft CMS’s download page and download the latest stable version of Craft CMS, At the moment of writing this article it is version 3:
Unpack the Craft CMS archive to the document root directory on your server:
We will need to change some folders permissions:
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Craft CMS. Run the following command:
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Craft CMS installation:
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘craft.conf’ on your virtual server:
Add the following lines:
Now, we can restart Apache web server so that the changes take place:
Craft CMS will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/admin or http://server-ip/admin and complete the required the steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Craft CMS. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Craft content management system (CMS) on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Craft CMS web site.