For those of you who didn’t know, Moodle is an Open Source Course Management System (CMS), also known as a Learning Management System (LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It has become very popular among educators around the world as a tool for creating online dynamic web sites for their students. Moodle brings features include assignment submission, online quizzes, wiki, grading, instant messages, discussion boards, and others. But since it’s a modular software, it can be extended via plugins to add extra functionality.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation Moodle on CentOS 6.
Step 1. First of all make sure that all packages are up to date.
yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server and include some php extension.
yum install mysql-server httpd php php-mysql
yum install php-iconv php-mbstring php-curl php-openssl php-tokenizer php-xmlpc php-soap php-ctype php-zip php-gd php-simplexml php-spl php-pcre php-dom php-xml php-intl php-json php-ldap php-pecl-apc -y
Start Apache and MySQL services:
service httpd start
service mysqld start
Step 3. Configuring MySQL.
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL.
Next we will need to log in to the MySQL console and create a database for the Moodle. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MySQL root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Moodle installation:
mysql> CREATE DATABASE moodle;
mysql> GRANT ALL ON moodle.* TO 'moodle'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secretpassword';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Step 4. Install Moodle.
Download Moodle latest source:
tar -zxvf moodle-latest-28.tgz
If your server is dedicated to host only moodle site, copy the contents of your moodle directory to /var/www/html/ directory. In this case your moodle website URL will be www.your-site.com.
Create data directory for Moodle:
chmod 777 /var/www/moodledata/
Step 5. Accessing Moodle.
Moodle will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip.
Step 1: Select language
Step 2: Enter the “Data directory (moodledata) path, in our case it is /var/www/moodledata/
Step 3: Choose database driver, MySQL.
Step 4: Enter the Database settings.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Moodle. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Moodle on CentOS 6 system.