In this tutorial we will show you how to install Vagrant on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Vagrant is an open source tool for building an entire virtual development environment. Frequently, a test environment is needed for analyzing the latest release and new tools. Also, it reduces the time spent on re-building that your OS. By default, vagrant uses virtualbox for managing the Virtualization. Vagrant acts as the fundamental configuration for managing/deploying multiple reproducible virtual environments with the same configuration.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Vagrant virtual development environment on an Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus server.
Install Vagrant on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Step 1. First make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing VirtualBox.
Install Virtualbox from the terminal using following command:
apt-get install virtualbox
apt-get install virtualbox-dkms
Install Vagrant from the terminal using following command:
apt-get install vagrant
We can verify the installation by issue command to check the installed version of Vagrant:
Vagrant can quickly deploy the development environment. The following command will install precise32 box from the vagrant website. A box is nothing more then a specially packaged image that can later be used to provision a server:
vagrant box add precise32 http://files.vagrantup.com/precise32.box
Create a root directory for your Project. Then create a vagrant file in this folder by calling ‘vagrant init’, which will be the central file for the project configuration:
Edit the Vagrantfile in this directory and replace:
config.vm.box = "precise32"
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
[default] Importing base box 'precise32'...
[default] Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
[default] Setting the name of the VM...
[default] Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
[default] Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
[default] Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
[default] Forwarding ports...
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Vagrant. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Vagrant virtual development environment on your Ubuntu 16.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Vagrant web site.