In this tutorial we will show you how to install TYPO3 on Debian 9. For those of you who didn’t know, TYPO3 is an enterprise open source content management system based on PHP. It’s intended for ease of use to allow owners and enterprises to create powerful and dynamic content websites.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation TYPO3 on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
Install TYPO3 on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Debian 9 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 9.
Step 3. Installing TYPO3.
First thing to do is to go to TYPO3’s download page and download the latest stable version of Joomla, At the moment of writing this article it is version 8:
wget https://get.typo3.org/8/zip -O typo3.zip
unzip typo3.zip -d /var/www/html/
We will rename the newly created directory to something simpler:
mv typo3_src-8.7.10/ typo3/
To proceed with the installation, create a ‘FIRST_INSTALL’. The filename is case-sensitive but the file itself can be empty:
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/typo3
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.
- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the TYPO3. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for TYPO3 installation:
CREATE DATABASE typo3;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON typo3.* TO 'typo3user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘TYPO3.conf’ on your virtual server:
sudo a2enmod rewrite
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/TYPO3.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/TYPO3.conf
Add the following lines:
allow from all
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
Now, we can restart Apache web server so that the changes take place:
systemctl restart apache2.service
TYPO3 will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required the steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed TYPO3. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Install TYPO3 CMS on Debian 9 Stretch system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official TYPO3 on web site.