In this tutorial we will show you how to install OwnCloud on your Debian 9. For those of you who didn’t know, OwnCloud is a free and open-source software which enables you to create a private “file-hosting” cloud. OwnCloud is similar to DropBox service with the diference of being free to download and install on your private server. Owncloud made by PHP and backend database MySQL (MariaDB), SQLLite or PostgreSQL. OwnCloud also enables you to easily view and sync address book, calendar events, tasks and bookmarks. You can access it via the good looking and easy to use web interface or install OwnCloud client on your Desktop or Laptop machine (supports Linux, Windows and MacOS).
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation OwnCloud on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
Install OwnCloud on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Debian 9 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 9.
Step 3. Installing OwnCloud 10.
First thing to do is to go to OwnCloud’s download page and download the latest stable version of OwnCloud, At the moment of writing this article it is version 10.0.3:
Extract Owncloud and change the permission:
tar -xvf owncloud-10.0.3.tar.bz2
mv owncloud /var/www/html/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/owncloud
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the OwnCloud. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for OwnCloud installation:
CREATE DATABASE ownclouddb;
CREATE USER 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YOURPASSWORD';
GRANT ALL ON ownclouddb.* TO 'ownclouduser'@'localhost';
Create a new configuration file under /etc/apache2/sites-available:
Then paste these lines:
Alias /owncloud "/var/www/html/owncloud/"
SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/owncloud
SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/owncloud
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/owncloud.conf
Execute these commands to enable some modules:
To configure ownCloud, we will use the web interface. So, go ahead and open up a web browser and point it to http://server_ip_address/owncloud You should see a web page like this. Enter username and password for the administrator user account, click on the ‘Advanced options’ hyperlink and enter the data directory (or leave the default setting), then enter database username, database password, database name, host (localhost) and click ‘Finish setup’.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed OwnCloud. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing OwnCloud on Debian 9 Stretch system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official OwnCloud web site.