In this tutorial we will show you how to install and configuration osCommerce on Debian 8 Jessie server. For those of you who didn’t know, Open Source Commerce (osCommerce) is a complete self-hosted online store solution that contains both a catalog frontend and an administration tool backend which can be easily installed and configured through a web-based installation procedure. It is available as free software under the GNU General Public License.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation osCommerce on a Debian 8 (Jessie) server.
Install osCommerce on Debian 8 Jessie
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB and PHP) server.
A Debian 8 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
Step 3. Installing osCommerce.
First thing to do is to go to osCommerce’s download page and download the latest stable version of osCommerce, At the moment of writing this article it is version 2.3.4:
Unpack the osCommerce archive to the document root directory on your server:
mv oscommerce-2.3.4 /var/www/html/
Rename the directory according to your needs. In our case we will change the name to oscommerce:
mv /var/www/html/oscommerce-2.3.4/ /var/www/html/oscommerce/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chmod 777 /var/www/html/oscommerce/catalog/includes/configure.php
chmod 777 /var/www/html/oscommerce/catalog/admin/includes/configure.php
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for osCommerce.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the osCommerce. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for osCommerce installation:
CREATE DATABASE oscommerce;
CREATE USER oscommerceuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'type_password_here';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON oscommerce.* TO oscommerceuser@localhost;
Step 5. Accessing osCommerce.
osCommerce will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/oscommerce/catalog/install/index.php or http://server-ip/oscommerce/catalog/install/index.php and complete the required the steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Please note that it is recommended to follow the post-installation steps after the completion of the installation procedure to secure your osCommerce Online Merchant online store. One of the steps is to delete the installation files. You can do that with the following commands:
rm -rf /var/www/html/oscommerce/catalog/
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed osCommerce. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Open Source Commerce (osCommerce) on Debian 8 Jessie server. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official osCommerce web site.