In this tutorial we will show you how to install and configuration of MariaDB on your Debian 8 server. For those of you who didn’t know, MariaDB is a an open source and cross-platform database engine and server, designed as a drop-in replacement for the well known and powerful MySQL database engine used on numerous web servers around the world. The application is geared toward database professionals that are in search of a scalable, robust, reliable and stable SQL server, a replacement for the MySQL database server.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation MariaDB on a Debian 8 (Jessie) server.
Install MariaDB on Debian 8 Jessie
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
Step 2. Installing MariaDB.
By default MariaDB 5.x Series was included all the Linux distribution but they didn’t include MariaDB 10.x series and if you want Add MariaDB Repositories, use the below commands to add MariaDB Repositories on Debian systems:
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 0xcbcb082a1bb943db
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://mirrors.opencas.cn/mariadb/repo/10.1/debian '$(lsb_release -cs)' main'
After refreshing the repository, just fire the below command to install MariaDB on your systems:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server
Once complete, you can verify MariaDB is installed by running the below command:
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl status mariadb
Step 3. Securing MariaDB after installation.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
To log into MariaDB, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):
mysql -u root -p
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed MariaDB. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing MariaDB database management system on Debian 8 (Jessie). For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official MariaDB web site.